U.S. visas are essential for anyone who wants to work legally in the United States. According to the U.S. Department of Labor, foreign-born workers accounted for 15.9 per cent of the U.S. workforce in 2011. There are as many non-immigrant categories as the alphabet letters. Some of these visa categories provide authority; others do not. Each class has different requirements and conditions, so it is essential to understand the eligibility requirements before applying to determine if you are eligible.
In most cases, the employer “requests” the U.S. work visa for the employee. The exception is an F-1 student who is entitled to optional practical training; and J-1 and H-3 where work is only “incidental” during training. Spouses with L-1A visas and E visas can apply for labour authority.
Types of foreign workers’ visas in the United States:
Temporary (Non-Immigrant) Employee – These visas are for people applying to the United States indefinitely. Once in the United States, the employee may only perform the job for which their immigrant visa was issued. Samples of U.S. workflows of this type include specialities H-1B, L-1A carrier companies; R-1 temporary religious workers and E-1/2 covenant investors and merchants.
Students and Exchange Students – Some students and exchange students are licensed to work in the United States. This permission must come from a Designated Officer (DSO) for Students or a Guarantor (RO) for Exchange Students. Examples of visa categories include “F” visas, “M” visas and “J” visa exchanges.
Permanent visa (immigrant) – Once a person has obtained legal residence, he or she no longer needs a work permit in the United States. Keep in mind that an immigrant letter visa is synonymous with “legally permanent residence” and “green card”.
General application process
Remember that the application process varies depending on the visa category you are applying for. Before a prospective employer submits a U.S. work visa, it is essential for anyone who wants to work legally in the United States. According to the U.S. Department of Labor, foreign-born workers accounted for 15.9 per cent of the U.S. workforce in 2011. Apply on your behalf, or before you apply for a U.S. work visa, confirm that you are eligible and have the right paperwork. Review the required paperwork for each specific signature. Different forms apply to other visa categories. For example, I-129 applies to the H, L, O and P categories, but different conditions apply to R-1 and J-1.
Students and Exchanges – First, you must be approved for SEVP Certified School or Study and receive Form I-20. Then you have to pay SEVIS I-901 fee. After the payment is paid and a receipt is issued, you can go to any U.S. embassy or consulate outside the United States to apply for your work visa in the United States. Special rules and requirements vary depending on the embassy or consulate you apply for.