PORTUGUESE SPEAKING COUNTRIES IN AFRICA
A western Roman Language that was originated from the Galicia and Northern Portugal is known as Portuguese, that is Portuguese when transcribed and it implies in lingua “Portuguesa”. It was found on the 9th century. Portuguese Speaking Countries In Africa – These following countries use the Portuguese Language as their one official language: Angola, Cape-Verde, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau, Brazil, Portugal, Sao Tome and Principe. Countries like East Timor and Macau in China also use the Portuguese Language as their alternative formal language.
The Ibero-Romance group that developed from a diverse language of Vulgar Latin in the period of a medieval Galicia kingdom which has kept part of a Celtic phonology and Lexicon are the parts of the Portuguese.
In some parts of Daman, God and Diu all in India, in the Malacca state of Malaysia, In Batticaloa that is on the east coast of Sri Lanka, In the ABC islands in the Caribbean where Cape Verdean Creole is regarded as the most globally spoken Portuguese based while Papiamento is being spoken in the Caribbean: the speakers of Portuguese Creole and also the cultural presence of Portuguese are seen in those places because of the expansion that happened during the colonial times.
In both Portuguese and English languages, Lusophone is referred to as a nation or person that speaks the Portuguese language. The Portuguese language is an official language of OAS, European Union, African Union, Mercosur, and ECOWAS. In the Southern Hemisphere, Portuguese is the most spoken language when listed among the 215 to 220 local speakers approximately but it is the third widely spoken European language in the globe when it comes to local speakers.
LIST OF PORTUGUESE SPEAKING COUNTRIES IN AFRICA
African has fifty-four Countries and it is also the second most populous continent in the seven continents of the world. Out of these fifty-four nations that made up African, there are only six countries that speak the Portuguese language, and the list of those countries are discussed below.
AFRICAN COUNTRIES THAT SPEAKS THE PORTUGUESE LANGUAGE
Angola is one of the members’ states of the African Union, United Nations, Southern African Development Community, OPEC and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries. The culture of Angolan shows the presence of the Catholic Church and the Portuguese Language. Since the end of the civil war, the economy of an Angola is among the fastest growing economy in the globe because of the massive presence of petroleum and mineral. That is to say that economically, petroleum resources and mineral are its sources of income. Politically, it practices a presidential system of government where the president is both the government and the head of states. Executive, Judiciary, and Legislative are its three branches of government which the president presides over solely.
Luanda is the capital and the biggest town of Angola. The Republic of Angola which is the official name of Angola is the seventh biggest nation in African that has its bordering by the Atlantic Ocean by Western side, the Congo Republic by North, in South by Namibia and finally Zambia on the Eastern part. It is also a nation that can be found inside Southern African.
Portuguese colonization molded Angola. They gained her freedom as the Marxist Leninist People’s Republic of Angola that got their support from Cuba and the Soviet Union in 1975 after many struggles.
Cape Verde is the most democratic and developed nation as well as the most representative democracy in Africa. Its main economy is based on growing tourism, service oriented and foreign investment due to lack of natural resources. In the 15th century, Portuguese colonized the islands of Cape Verde by establishing the premier European dwellings in the tropics which made the Cape Verde archipelago to be inhibited by people. The population of this nation is between 512,000 that is mainly of Moorish, African Heritage, Mixed European, the presence of Portuguese rule. They gained their freedom in 1975. The Republic of Carbo Verde the official name of Cape Verde has ten volcanic islands located inside the central Atlantic Ocean. Canary Islands, Macaronesia ecoregion, Madeira, Azores and Savage Isles are all forms of Cape Verde islands known as “Fortunate Isles” or “The Islands of the Blessed”.
This country was part of the Mali Empire and Gabu in the past before been colonized by the Portuguese Empire and its known widely as Portuguese Guinea. Bissau is the capital of Guinea after its independence in 1974. Politically, Guinea-Bissau has been experiencing political instability.
It is also one of the member states of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, African Union, La Francophone, Latin Union, United Nations, Organization of Islamic Cooperation, Economic Community of the West African States and the South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone. Economically, agricultural products like cashew nuts, fish, and groundnuts are the only source of income which made their GDP per capita and Human Development Index be very low.
Mozambique’s official language is Portuguese because it was colonized by Portuguese. It gained its freedom on 25th June 1975. Maputo is the capital city of this country and Filipe Nyusi as its president. It has borders with Malawi and Zambia connected to the northwest, on the east is the Indian Ocean, on the southwest are the South African and Swaziland, Zimbabwe on the western part and then to the north is Tanzania.
Economically, it is blessed with prominent and massive natural resources because of the presence of aluminum and petroleum production, industry, agriculture and chemical manufacturing.
Politically, the country is a multiparty democracy. It has the branch of Executive that has Prime Minister, President, and Council of Members. There is also a municipal assembly and National Assembly. Then the Judiciary branch that made up of the district, Provincial and Municipal courts.
SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE:
The Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe is one of the Island nations inside the Gulf of Guinea away from the Western Equatorial Coast of Central Africa that got its freedom from Portuguese on 12th July 1975. Politically, their elected leaders are usually elected through secret ballot and the universal suffrage. It has a multiparty system which has been in existence since 1990.
Their main source of income is the exportation of agricultural product which is cocoa.
This country can be found in Central Africa. The mainland region and the insular are the two parts of Equatorial Guinea. The Portuguese language is one of their languages together with French and Spanish which is their national language.
Economically, exportation of coffee, cocoa, and timber to Germany, Spain and UK and large oil reserves discovery in 1996 as well as farming, forestry, and fishing are all the main sources of Equatorial Guinea’s income.
Politically, it has a presidential system of government where the president is both the head of state and the government of the country as their own structure of the government.
Still On The Portuguese Speaking Countries In Africa
HISTORY OF PORTUGUESE LANGUAGE:
The Latin language that was spread to settlers, Roman Soldiers, and Merchants was brought to the Iberian Peninsula by Romans in 216 B.C. Germanic Peoples of the Migration Period captures Iberian Peninsula between the period of 409 A.D. and 711 A.D during the time the Roman Empire in Western Europe. The Arabic language became the formal and commonly used language in the Christian population which is the remaining conquered parts where Mozarabic a form of Romance was used and it stayed till three decades in Spain after the Moorish invasion that began in 711.
Portuguese came out of the Galician-Portuguese of the Northern Western which was the medieval language used till 12th century before they got their freedom from the Kingdom of Leon.
“Common language” which was known as the official language of Portuguese was made a law by King Denis of Portugal in the year 1290. During the reign of King Afonso 1 of Portugal in the year 1139 was the period Portugal gained her freedom.
With the emergence of Portuguese findings, the Portuguese language was adopted in some Asian, Americans and Africa countries in the 15th and 16th centuries which was regarded as the second period of old Portuguese.
The spread of Portuguese language across these three continents was made possible because of inter unions between the native people and the Portuguese and also through the emergence of Creole languages that was called Kiristang in most Asia continents which were brought by the Roman Catholic missionary efforts when they associated with Portugal.
From the 16th century till now which was the early times of Modern Portuguese that is been featured by the massive additional outcome of learned words taken from the classical Greek and Classical Latin due to Renaissance when the publication of the Cancionerio Geral by Garcia de Resende in the year 1516 marked the end of the old Portuguese.
Sau Paulo in Brazil which is a city that has the massive number of people that speaks the Portuguese language globally is the place where the interactive museum was found in March 2006.
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CONCLUSION ON THE LIST OF PORTUGUESE SPEAKING COUNTRIES IN AFRICA
Conclusively, the Portuguese Language is not just a good language but one of the best language that is been recognized in African Union, European Union, ECOWAS, OAS and Mercosur which are the prominent world bodies. Because of the recognition of this language in some foreign bodies, it has aided in a greater way of enhancing and increasing the trade relationship between nations. It is a language that will recommend that other nations who are not using it yet to adopt.
Tags: Portuguese Speaking Countries In Africa 2018