For one to be able to comprehend the average salary in South Africa per month, the understanding of the nation’s history and its economy is of utmost relevance. A simplified description of South Africa goes thus;
South Africa was majorly known as the home of the tribal groups of the Bantu peoples, the San peoples, and the Hottentots. They were said to be originally farmers and nomadic people before the arrival of the European dwellers. War and strife became a part of the South African after the settlement of these European dwellers. Their need to occupy the South African land led to struggle and subjugation of the original tribal settlers. During this strife and fight, apartheid developed and through the segregation and foreign influence, trade, and commerce evolved. It wasn’t until 1994 that normalcy was restored in South Africa.
AVERAGE SALARY IN SOUTH AFRICA PER MONTH
The table below represents the average salary of workers in each of the industries in South Africa. (Arranged in no special order)
Still On The Average Salary In South Africa Per Month
Continuation of the brief history and economy of SA for a better understanding of the average Salary and its effects
South Africa is one of Africa’s countries well known for its apartheid regime before its independence. It is located at the southern tip of Africa with the population of more than 47 million people of diverse ethnicity. The country is internationally recognized as a pioneer and global leader in tourism. This has gone a long way in positively influencing the economic and social growth of the nation. South Africa is said to be a beauty to behold because of its economically developed and breath-taking provinces.
The country has three capitals that individually regulate the administration of the nation. The first is Pretoria which deals with the administrative section of the country. Cape Town focuses on the legislative and Bloemfontein focus is the judiciary. Apart from these capitals, the country is made up of nine provinces. They include Gauteng, Eastern Cape, Western Cape, Northern Cape, North West, Free State, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, and KwaZulu-Natal. The country constitutes of diverse peoples, its population is made up of the whites, the coloured and a mix of Asian and Indian peoples.
Developing from its make-up of different races of people, South Africa is hence considered a multi-lingual country. It has eleven official languages and they include English, Sesotho, isiXhosa, Siswati, Tshivenda, Afrikaans, isiNdebele, isiZulu, Setswana, Sepedi, and Xitsonga. South Africa’s constitution enlists the right to freedom of worship of the people. Therefore, the majority of the people identifies with Christianity, whereas some identity with religions such as Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism and the Jewish traditions. There are also some minor group of people that don’t identify with any religion and can be considered as pagans.
This country has three international airports which include OR Tambo International Airport in Johannesburg, King Shaka International Airport in Durban and Cape Town International Airport in Cape Town. It also has about ninety other airports in different regions of the nation. Its major means of travel is by road and railway.
SOUTH AFRICA’S ECONOMY
South Africa’s economy is regarded as the second largest economy in Africa. The currency of South Africa is called the South African Rand. The increase in the tourism has made the nation a major centre of attraction for international tourist. Tourism has attracted foreign investors and a surge of increase in the economy of the nation.
The city of Johannesburg is regarded as the economic capital of South Africa. The nation’s economy is said to be majorly made up of industries such as Construction Industries, Manufacturing Industries, Mining and Quarrying Industries, Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing Industries, Transport, Storage and Communication Industries, Electricity, Gas and Water Industries, Wholesale and Retail Trade, Hotels and Restaurant Services, Personal Services, Finance, Real Estate and Business Services, General Government Services and Taxes Less Subsidies on Products.
South Africa also deals with the importation and exportation of goods and services such as; the importation of goods like machinery implements for industries, food supplements, chemical and petroleum products as well as scientific equipment for adequate research in different institutions of the nation. As a result of the degree of natural resources found in the country, there is the exportation of natural resources such as diamonds, gold, and platinum as well as metals and minerals like chromium, kyanite, zirconium, aluminium, antimony, phosphate rock, nickel, fluorspar, manganese, rutile, ilmenite and vanadium.
MAJOR SOURCES OF OCCUPATION IN SOUTH AFRICA
South Africa’s major occupation which is mining arose from the findings of natural resources in the nation. The major natural resources of South Africa are gold and diamond rocks. These resources have contributed greatly to the evolution of the economy of the nation. The finding of diamond on the river bank of the Orange River and the Witwatersrand gold rush have been pinpointed as the huge launch towards the development of South Africa’s economy. This had led to the establishment of mining as a major occupation in the nation, thereby providing a major percentage of job opportunities for the people through the establishment of mines owned by public and private enterprises.
There is also the aspect of agriculture as a source of occupation to the South African society. Agriculture has been noted to be a historical part of South Africa. From the outset, the first settlers had relied on subsistence farming and cattle rearing as a means of livelihood. Most of them like the Bantu people and the Hottentots focused more on pastoral farming. South African farms produce crops such as Cereals, Maize, Chicory roots, Castor oil seeds, Pears, Sisal, Grapefruit, and Fibre crops amongst others. The Agricultural industry is considered as a means of employment opportunities for others and also self-employment. Most farms are owned by the South Africans unlike other industries and mining corporations which are majorly owned by private enterprises. It has also contributed to the South African economy through the exportation of crops that has yielded over a billion rand of revenue.
South Africa has been described and best known for its tourist attraction. The country has been given the description of being “strong on adventure, sport, nature and wildlife travel and is a pioneer and global leader in responsible tourism”. The nation has several tourist centres and recreational parks that have attracted not only tourists from far and wide but also employment opportunities for the South African people. It was the establishment of South Africa as a global tourist centre after the apartheid period that led to the evolution of the nation’s economy. The nation experienced a surge of growth as a result of foreign investors and recognition through the means of tourism. Tourism in South Africa is described as a huge support and provision of the jobs in the country. It attracts millions of people of diverse races and cultures whom one way or the other tend to contribute by investment or established of private industries, to the continuum development of the South African economy.
However, other sources of occupation include manufacturing, trading, services such as restaurant services, social services, financial services, travel agencies, communication, and construction. These also contribute to the creation of employment opportunities for South Africans. As have been noted, Tourism supports job opportunity, such as restaurant services and travel agencies. The bloom of tourists’ presence in the country has led to more establishments of travel and transport agencies that focus on rendering their services in guiding the tourists around the country. This has led to an increase in the employment of travel agents and guides. Also, more development has sprung up from restaurant establishments as the tourists also focus on participating in the culture and traditions of the South Africans through food and wine tasting ceremonies.
Furthermore, South African manufacturing industries, which is located in the provinces of Gauteng and Eastern Cape, produces automobiles and other mechanical equipment. These industries are plants owned by foreign private companies such as Ford, Nissan, and Volkswagen amongst others. These automobiles and machinery are exported to other countries and these develop revenue for the growth of the economy. But for the daily running of the automotive plants, there is the need for manpower apart from the mechanical equipment used in the industries. This creates a room for the employment of the South Africans.
The nation also has financial institutions and stock exchanges that handle its source of finances. There is also communication advancement in the nation which has it accommodating five cellular service providers, namely MTN, 8ta, Virgin Mobile, Vodacom and Cell C. These communication companies provide services to over twenty million people and employment to thousands of people.
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CONCLUSION ON THE AVERAGE SALARY IN SOUTH AFRICA PER MONTH 2018
The influx of several industries coined out of the development of natural resources and foreign trade has indeed provided the people of South Africa with major job opportunities. These occupations based on the statistics has provided them with finances that can cover their daily lifestyles and human needs.
The average salary of workers of South Africa has proven the reason why the nation is regarded as the second largest economy in Africa, with Nigeria being the first on the list. It has also been described as an industrialized country that has an upper-middle-income economy.
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