The continent of Africa is home to approximately 1.21 billion people making it the second most populated continent as well as the second-largest continent behind Asia. It is a beautiful and colourful country having approximately 3000 distinct ethnic groups and about 2000 languages. Thus, well be writing about African Countries, their Capitals, and Presidents who currently preside over the states.
Below is the highlight in tabular form the African Countries, their Capitals, and Presidents who currently preside over the states.
List Of African Countries, Their Capitals And Presidents
|Burkina Faso||Ouagadougou||Roch Marc Christian Kaboré|
|Cape Verde||Praia||Jorge Carlos Fonseca|
|Congo||Brazzaville||Denis Sassou Nguesso|
|Côte d’Ivoire||Yamoussoukro||Alassane Ouattara|
|DR Congo||Kinshasha||Joseph Kabila|
|Djibouti||Djibouti||Ismaïl Omar Guelleh|
|Egypt||Cairo||Abdel Fattah el-Sisi|
|Equatorial Guinea||Malabo||Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo|
|Ethiopia||Addis Ababa||Sahle-Work Zewde|
|Gabon||Libreville||Ali Bongo Ondimba|
|Guinea-Bissau||Bissau||José Mário Vaz|
|Lesotho||Maseru||Letsie III, King of Lesotho|
|Mali||Bamako||Ibrahim Boubacar Keïtar|
|Mauritania||Nouakchott||Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz|
|Mauritius||Port Louis||Prithvirajsing Roopun|
|Morocco||Rabat||Mohammed VI, King of Morocco|
|São Tomé and Príncipe||São Tomé||Evaristo Carvalho|
|Sierra Leone||Freetown||Julius Maada Bio|
|Somalia||Mogadishu||Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed|
|South Africa||Pretoria||Cyril Ramaphosa|
|South Sudan||Juba||Salva Kiir Mayardit|
|Swaziland||Mbabane||Mswati III, King of Swaziland|
|The Central African Republic||Bangui||Faustin-Archange Touadéra|
|The Gambia||Banjul||Adama Barrow|
List Of African Countries, Their Capitals And Presidents
President: Abdelmadjid Tebboune (2019–present)
Algeria’s official name is the People’s republic of Algeria and it is located in Northern Africa and houses about 42 million people. Algeria was colonized by France and it gained independence in 1962. The country slogan is “By the People and for the People”, its official language is Arabic seconded by french as the major spoken language. It is the largest country in Africa and it has major industries like Agriculture, Cement, Clothing, Fertilizers, Food Processing, Iron and Steel, Mining, Machinery, Oil and Natural Gas Production and Refining, etc. that boost the nation’s economy.
President: João Lourenço (2017–present)
Angola is located in Southern Africa, it got her independence from the colonial masters “Portuguese” in 1975. It is home to approximately 30 million people and it has more than one official language but the main is Portuguese. Angola is best known for her oil product which is the major source of income and as such, it is referred to as “the Kuwait of Africa”.
Capital: Porto Novo
President: Patrice Talon,(2016–present)
The Benin Republic is located in West Africa sharing a border with Nigeria to the east, Togo to the west, Burkina Faso, and Niger to the north. It is a French-speaking nation that got its freedom from colonial master France in 1960. The country boast of being the birthplace of the Vodun religion. Its official language is French and its motto is Fraternité, Justice, Travail” (French) meaning “Fraternity, Justice, Labour” having a population of approximately 12 million people.
Current President: Mokgweetsi Masisi (2018–present)
This country is located in the Southern region of Africa having a population of 2.3 million. It was colonized by Britain and it gained freedom from its colonial masters in 1966. Its official language is British and Setswana. The country is a beautiful land lock country whose landscape is defined by the Kalahari desert.
- Burkina Faso
President: Roch Marc Christian Kaboré (2015–present)
This country is Officially Republic of Burkina Faso located in West Africa and covers the Land area of 274,200 km2. Its population is approximately 20 million. It was colonized by France but gained independence in 1960; its official language is French. The initial name was Upper Volta but in 1984 changed its name to Burkina Faso.
President: Pierre Nkurunziza (2005–present)
This landlocked country is located in East Africa. The population of this country is approximately 11 million. Its new capital is Gitega because of the re-location from Bujumbura in December 2018. It gained her independence in 1962 from Belgium who colonised the country. The country has three official language which are Kirundi, French, and English.
Current President: Paul Biya (1982–present)
Cameroon has one of the longest-serving presidents in the world. It is located in West Africa and it’s a French-speaking nation having been colonized by France, gaining her independence in 1960. The country is home to approximately 25 million people.
- Cape Verde
Current President: Jorge Carlos Fonseca (2011–present)
Colonised by Portugal and it is a. the country is popularly known for its traditional morna music, Creole Portuguese-African culture and numerous beaches. Its largest island, Santiago, is home to approximately 600, 000 people who settled in the country. It was colonised by Portugal and gained independence in 1975 and became the Federal Republic shortly after the fight for independence.
President: Idriss Déby (1990–present)
The Republic of Chad is located in northern central Africa with 15 million people inhabit this country. It is a French-speaking country been colonised by France up until 1960 when it gained independence. The country also adopts Arabic as its second official language been a country highly populated by Islam.
President: Azali Assoumani (2016–present)
Comoros is mapped in Eastern Africa and it’s an island country located around the Indian ocean. It is the third Island and Comoros gained independence in 1975 from her colonial masters, France. The country adopts three official languages which is French, Arabic, and Comorian. The country is endowed with beautiful beaches and its called the perfu!ed Island because of the presence of Scenic plants.
- Congo–Brazzaville (Republic of the Congo)
President: Denis Sassou Nguesso (1997–present)
Congo Brazzaville is a French colony that gained her independence in 1960 from France. The country is located in Central Africa having rainforest reserves that serve as habitat for gorillas. The population of Congo is approximately 5.3 million with French as their official language.
- Congo–Kinshasa (The Democratic Republic of the Congo)
Region: Central Africa
President: Joseph Kabila (2001–present)
Located in Central Africa region and was colonised by Belgium up until 1960 when it also gained independence and shortly became a republic after that. Its official language is French and four native languages serve which are Ituba (called “Kikongo”), Lingala, Swahili, and Tshiluba serves as the national language alongside other 215 native languages in the country. It is one of the most populated countries in Africa with 81.34 million people living in the country.
- Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast)
President: Alassane Ouattara (2010–present)
The only country having two names and also a francophone nation been colonised by France but gained independence in 1975 making French the country’s official language. It is located in Western Africa and it has a population of 24.29 million. The country’s political capital is Yamoussoukro, while its economic capital and largest city is the port city of Abidjan.
President: Ismaïl Omar Guelleh (1999–present)
Djibouti an Arabic and French-speaking nation with a population of 956, 985. The country was colonised by France but gained independence in 1977. The country is popular for its dry shrublands, volcanic formations, and Gulf of Aden beaches. Its capital is Djibouti and is the largest city in the country.
President: Abdel Fattah el-Sisi (2014–present)
This country is located around the river Nile; one could say it draws its life from the Nile as the saying goes “no Nile, no Egypt”. Egypt is one the ancient countries where its believed that civilization began. It is located in Northern Africa having a population of 95.55 million. It is popular for housing the Giza’s colossal Pyramids and Great Sphinx as well as Luxor’s hieroglyph-lined Karnak Temple and Valley of the King’s tombs. It was colonised by Britain but gained independence in 1922.
- Equatorial Guinea
Current President: Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo (1979–present)
Equatorial Guinea officially called the Republic of Equatorial Guinea is a Spanish colony that gained independence in 1968. The country’s population is approximately 1.3 million and an oil-rich country which also has beautiful historical monuments as well as beautiful places for tourists.
Current President: Isaias Afwerki (1991–present)
Eritrea is located in Eastern Africa, it gained her independence from another African country, Ethiopia but prior to that it was Formerly the colony of Spanish Guinea. The country’s name was derived from its location which is near both the Equator and the Gulf of Guinea. Equatorial Guinea and it is the only sovereign African country having Spanish is an official language.
Capital: Addis Ababa
President: Sahle-Work Zewde (2018–present)
Ethiopia is the second most populated country in Africa with a population of approximately 105 million, also it is the only African country that wasn’t colonised and Its official language is Amharic. The country was formerly known as the Kingdom of Askum.
Region: Central Africa
President: Ali Bongo Ondimba (2009–present)
Gabon is another francophone country located in central Africa, it gained her independence in 1960 from France. The country has a population of 2.3 million people. It is well known for its forested areas and parks whicvg include the famous Loango National Park shelters a diversity of wildlife such as gorillas, hippopotamus and whales, Lopé National Park consists of mostly rainforest. Akanda National Park is known for its mangroves and tidal beaches.
Current President: Nana Akufo-Addo (2017–present)
Ghana is located in West Africa close to the Gulf of Guinea and it’s officially called the Republic of Ghana. Ghana gained independence in 1957 from her colonial masters, Britain. The country is known for its diverse wildlife, old forts and secluded beaches, such as at Busua. Ghana is known as the first country in sub-Saharan Africa to gain independence and it has a population of 28.83 million.
Region: West Africa
Current President: Alpha Condé (2010–present)
Located in the Western region of Africa, formerly known as French Guinea but changed its name to the Republic of Guinea. The country covers a landmass of 245,860 square kilometres with a population of 12.72 million. It gained independence in 1958 from the French Colonial masters making the country adopt French as the official language.
- 23. Guinea-Bissau
President: José Mário Vaz (2014–present)
Guinea Bissau is Located in West Africa and gained independence from Portugal in 1973. It is popular for it’s wildlife reservations and national Pak’s scattered around the country. The country adopts Portugal as its official language, its population is about 1.861 million. Despite its rich and fertile land, the country is among the 10 least developed countries in the world.
President: Uhuru Kenyatta (2013–present)
Kenya is located in East Africa covering a land area of 580,367 square kilometres and has a population of over 52.2 million people resides the country. It was colonised by Britain but gained independence in 1963 leading to its official language been English. The country covers savannah, Lakelands, the dramatic Great Rift Valley, and mountain highlands.
President: King of Lesotho (Monarch – Letsie III: 1996–present)
This country is officially known as the Kingdom of Lesotho, established in the Southern part of Africa and totally surrounded by the Republic of South Africa. Lesotho operates the Monarchy system of government having a King overseeing it’s governmental and ceremonial activities. The country gained her independence in 1966 from Britain, its official languages are Sesotho and English. It is rated as a peaceful state far more than its neighbouring state, South Africa.
President: George Weah (2018–present)
Liberia is located in the Western region of Africa having a population of 4.732 million people. It is surrounded by countries such as Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Côte d’Ivoire. Having one of its famous footballers voted in as the president has caught the attention of many. The country gained independence from its colonial masters U.S.A in 1847; the country’s official language is English and has about 20 indigenous languages are spoken in the country.
Libya is officially recognised as the State of Libya and it is one of the two countries colonised by Italy, it is located in Northern Africa particularly around the Maghreb region, the country gained independence in 1951 from Italy and its official language is Arabic been an Islamic state. Presently there is no sitting President in the country after the revolution that took place I’m 2011. Libya’s population is about 6.375 million.
President: Rivo Rakotovao (2018–present)
This country is a huge island situated in East Africa and its the fourth largest island in the world. It gained independence in 1960 France. It is a very beautiful country blessed with wildlife animals that are found nowhere else. Its official languages are Malagasy and French, its population is approximately 25.6 million people.
President: Peter Mutharika (2014–present)
Malawi is an East African state that is popularly known as the Republic of Malawi. She gained her independence from Britain in 1964 and became a republic in 1966. Malawi’s population is approximately 19.2 million and covers landmass of over 118,000 km2. Its official language is English and the normal
President: Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta (2013–present)
Mali is a Francophone country located in West Africa and is officially known as the Republic of Mali. It is the eighth-largest country in Africa, covering land area of just over 1,240,000 square kilometres with a population of 19.2 million. It gained her independence from France in 1960 and adopting French as the official language.
President: Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz (2009–present)
Mauritania is located in East Africa and is the eleventh largest stat6e in Africa. The country gained independence in 1960 and adopts French as its official language. Presently one of the newest oil producers in Africa and a third world country. Mauritania has a population of 4.42 million.
Capital: Port Louis
President: Barlen Vyapoory (2018–present)
Mauritius is an island located on the Indian Ocean in East Africa. The country is known for its beaches, lagoons, and reefs, including the Black River Gorges National Park, with rainforests, waterfalls, hiking trails and wildlife animals like the flying fox. The country gained independence from Britain in 1968 and has a population of 1.3 million. Amazingly the country has no official language.
Region: North Africa
President: King Mohammed VI, (King of Morocco: 1999–present)
This country is officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco located in the Northern region of Africa sharing borders with the Atlantic ocean and Mediterranean sea. It is one of the few countries in Africa still operating the Monarchy system of government having a King to oversee its governmental affairs. The country gained independence from France in 1956 and Arabic is its official language been an Islamic state. Its population is about 35.74 million.
- 35. Mozambique
President: Filipe Nyusi (2015–present)
Mozambique is known officially as the Republic of Mozambique, located in Southern Africa gaining independence in 1975 from Portugal. Its official language is Portuguese with a population of approximately 29.67 million. Like other Southern African countries, Mozambique is known to have a beautiful landscape, beaches, wild game reserves, city breaks and more.
President: Hage Geingob (2015–present)
Located in Southern Africa and it spans across the land area of 825, 419 square kilometer with a population of 2.534 million. The country is considered to have diverse wildlife, including a significant cheetah population. Following the war for freedom, the country gained independence from South Africa in 1990. The country adopts English as its official language.
President: Mahamadou Issoufou
The Republic of Niger as it is officially known is a francophone country that gained independence from France in 1960 making the official to be French. It is located in West Africa and was named after river Niger (synonymous with Nigeria). The country’s population is about 21.48 million covering the landmass of almost 1,270,000 km2, making it the largest country in West Africa. The major part of the country’s land area lies within the Sahara desert region.
President: Mohhammadu Buhari (2015–present)
Officially recognised as the Federal Republic of Nigeria and it is located in West Africa having. The country has the highest population in Africa with a population of 190.9 million people that settled across its 36 states and federal capital territory (Abuja). The country is dubbed the richest and most influential country in Africa. She gained her independence from Britain in 1960 and became a republic in 1966 making its official language. The country operates a Federal system of govrnment.
President: Paul Kagame (2000–present)
This country is located in the East Africa region not quite far from the equator. It gained independence from Belgium in 1962, has a population of 12.21 million. The country is notable for its green, mountainous landscape as well as its renowned Volcanoes National Park where you can find the mountain gorillas and golden monkeys.
- Sao Tome and Principe
Capital: Sao Tome
President: Evaristo Carvalho (2016–present)
This country is an island located in close proximity to the equator. It Gained independence in 1975 from Portugal and its population is quite low with just 204, 327 and its official language is Portuguese. Due to its location, it has beautiful landscapes, rainforests, beaches, and green lands.
President: Macky Sall (2012–present)
Officially known as the Republic of Senegal is a Francophone country located in West Africa. The country gained her independence in 1960 from France and its official language is French. The country is home to a vast French lifestyle and historical colonial heritage with many natural resources. The country’s population is 15.85 million.
President: Danny Faure (2016–present)
Seychelles is a beautiful African country located in East Africa encompassing coral reefs, numerous beaches and nature reserves, as well as rare animals such as giant Aldabra tortoises. The country has three official languages which are English, French and Seychellois Creole having gained independence from Britain in 1976. Its population is 95, 843.
- Sierra Leone
President: Julius Maada Bio (2018–present)
Sierra Leone is situated in West Africa made up of five administrative regions that are further subdivided into sixteen districts. The country gained her independence in 1961 from Britain and its official language is English. The white-sand beaches lining the Freetown Peninsula is a well-known area and also the capital has a memorable historical heritage of the slave trade which serves as a tourist center. Its population is 7.557 million.
President: Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed (2017–present)
Recognised officially as the Federal Republic of Somalia is situated in the Eastern region of Africa having a population of 14.74 million. The country was colonised by two nations Britain and Italy but gained her independence in 1960. The country has been plagued by war and famine which it is gradually recovering from. Its official language is Somali and Arabic with English and Italia been other spoken language in the country.
- South Africa
Capital: Pretoria (executive), Bloemfontein (judiciary), and Capetown (legislative)
Current President: Cyril Ramaphosa (2018–present)
Known officially as the Republic of South Africa is located in Southern Africa with a population of 56.8 million. gained her independence in 1961 from Britain. The country has three recognised capitals and it has 11 official languages. The country is known to have the largest habitat of European, Asian, and multiracial ancestry. in Africa. The new president came to power as a result of the former president been charged for corrupt practices in the office.
- South Sudan
Current President: Salva Kiir Mayardit (2005–present)
This country is recognised officially as the Republic of South Sudan located in Northern Africa and it is the newest country in the world having been separated from Sudan in 2011. The country is populated by 12.6 million people having English as its official language. Despite gaining independence, there is still ongoing civil war in the country.
President: Omar al-Bashir (1989–present)
Sudan is located in the Northern part of Africa surrounded by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea to the east, Ethiopia to the southeast. The country is gained independence from Britain in 1956; its official language is English and Arabic. It is the third-largest populated country in Africa and it is populated by 40.53 million
Capital: Lobamba (royal & legislature) and Mbabane (administrative)
President: King of Swaziland (Monarch – Mswati III: 1986–present)
Swaziland is recognized officially as the Kingdom of Swaziland located in Southern Africa. The landlocked country gained independence in 1968 from Britain; having two official languages which are Swazi and English. It operates an absolute diarchy government having a king and a prime minister overseeing the government of the country.
Capital: Dar es Salaam (the traditional capital) and Dodoma (legislature Capital)
President: John Magufuli (2015–present)
Tanzania is located in East Africa having a lot of wilderness areas in its vast land area covering 17, 364 square kilometer housing a population of 1.4 million. The country gained independence in 1964 from Britain. Also, the Serengeti National Park, a safari mecca populated by the “big five” game (elephant, lion, leopard, buffalo, rhino), and Kilimanjaro National Park where you will find the highest mountain in Africa are popular tourist sites in the country.
- The Central African Republic
President: Faustin-Archange Touadéra (2016–present)
Located in the Central Region of Africa, with a population of 4.6 million people; its official language is French and Sango indicating that the country was colonised by France and gained her independence in 1960. The country is rated among the poorest countries months world despite having various mineral resources such as uranium reserves, crude oil, gold, diamonds, cobalt, lumber
- The Gambia
President: Adama Barrow (2017–present)
The Gambia is found in West Africa which is the smallest country on the mainland in Africa. The country is located in a narrow opening which is almost encapsulated by Senegal. It has a population of 2.101 million. Gained independence from Britain in 1965 and its official language is English. The Gambia carved its name from the Gambia River that flows through the centre of The Gambia and empties into the Atlantic Ocean.
President: Faure Gnassingbe (2005–present)
Togo is one of the smallest countries in Africa and established in the gulf of guinea located in West Africa. It was colonised by France and gained independence in 1960 making French its official language and have over 30 native languages. Togo is surrounded by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north. has a population of 7.798 million
President: Kais Saied (2014–present)
This country is located in the Northern region of Africa covering a land area of 163, 610 square kilometers with a population of 11.53 million people living there. The country is the farthest country in the Northern African Region and it shares a border with the Mediterranean Sea and the Sahara Desert. It was colonised by France but gained independence in 1956 while its official language is Arabic.
President: Yoweri Museveni (1986–present)
Officially recognized as the Republic of Uganda is located in East Africa. It notable for its wildlife reserve, beautiful landscape, etc. The country gained freedom from colonial masters, Britain in 1962. The country’s official language are English and Swahili and has a population of 43 million.
- 53. Zambia
Current President: Edgar Lungu (2015–present)
Zambia is recognised officially as the Republic of Zambia and it’s established in East Africa covering the land area of 712, 618 square kilometer. It has a population of 17.09 million. The country gained independence in 1964 from Britain and its official language is English but having over 15 native languages spoken among several ethnic groups in the country.
Current President: Emmerson Mnangagwa (2017–present)
Zimbabwe is located in Southern Africa 1980 from Britain. It has a population of 16.53 million people encompassing the land area of 390,757 square kilometer. The country has 16 official languages but was colonised by Britain and gained independence in 1980. The country is known for its diverse wildlife, much of it within parks, reserves and safari areas.
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Conclusion on the African Countries, Their Capitals And Presidents
There you have the list of African Countries and their Capitals. A total of 54 countries constitute the beautiful continent of Africa. It can as well be said that Africa has the highest number of long-serving head of states in the world.
Tag: List of African Countries, their Capitals and Presidents